World Elephant Day – August 12
Elephants are the worlds largest land animal and part of the “BIG FIVE” group.
Male African elephants can reach 3m tall and weigh between 4,000 – 7,500kg. Their brain alone can weigh up to 5.4kg.
There are three difference species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. You can tell the difference between Asian and African elephants by the size of their ears and also the shape of the African elephant’s ears is similar to that of the African continent.
Fun facts about elephants:
- Their trunks have amazing skills.
- Their tusks are actually teeth.
- They’ve got thick skin, although it can get sunburnt. Elephants take mud baths to protect their skin from the hot sun.
- Elephants are constantly eating. An average adult elephant can eat up to 136kg each day.
- They communicate through vibrations. These vibrations can be extremely low; some so low they can not be heard by the human ear. It is possible for them to communicate with 100 friends through vibration.
- Calves can stand within 20 minutes of birth and stay with their mothers for up to 10 years.
- Elephants families show affection, feel emotions and grieve the loss of their loved ones.
I am very fortunate to have seen both the African and Asian Elephant in their natural habitat. It was a WOW experience.
If you would like to learn more about these amazing animals visit National Geographic, see link below.